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The Basics of Filing a Lawsuit

It is the purpose of any country’s constitution to make sure that each of its citizen’s rights are protected throughout their lives. However, there are still a lot of people who are not treated right so they do their best to make sure that their rights are still protected. A person is only able to protect his or her own rights when he or she decides to file a lawsuit against the person that has done something wrong to him or her. When it comes to filing any lawsuit, one must bear in mind that it involves a lot of steps to be able to get the result that you want. Your case is guaranteed to be a success if you are able to take note of these specific steps.

At the start of the entire process, the first thing that you must do is file your complaint and afterwards you must issue a summons. Both these actions provide a summary of what has happened to you leading you to file a lawsuit against someone, the person responsible for it, and what you want to receive from the court of law as compensation for the wrongdoing that has been inflicted upon you, After filing and issuing of both of these things, the court clerk will then provide the necessary suit information to the person that has just been filed a lawsuit. Once the defendant has then received the information, he or she will provide an answer to the summons. The answer usually follows one of opposite directions: first it may be acceptance of the lawsuit or second it may be filing a countersuit claiming that the prosecutor was the one who was responsible for the entire situation outlined in the complaint.

The case will then get started and the discovery process ensues once the defendant will be able to provide their court of law an answer. The process of discovery is defined as both parties gathering the necessary evidence to be provided as back-up for their side of the story. These evidences must always be exchanged and be registered by both parties so that either party will be protected by the court of law for cases where a secret witness or any hidden evidence is surprisingly presented.

It is during this time that a pretrial conference takes place where the prosecutor, defendant, their respective lawyers, and the judge that will preside their case will meet. Pretrial conferences must be done so that any form of delay in the court of law is avoided. This conference usually happens about a week before the start of the official trial. A settlement is sometimes achieved by the satisfaction of both parties through the pretrial conference.

The trial now starts after all of these steps are done. Both the witnesses and evidences of both parties are then presented to the court of law. After the judge has provided the jury the necessary instructions to deliberate on the case, the jury will then reach a decision.

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